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407. Parts of a newspaper – part 2

December 10, 2008 Leave a comment

Ad-abbreviation for advertisement
Advance (advance story)-news of an event to occur in the future
All caps-a word or word written in all capital letters
AP-abbreviations for Associated Press, a news-gathering service
Banner-type of headline stretching full width, usually at the top of a page; also called a streamer
Beat-news source that a reporter is assigned to cover regularly
Box-material enclosed, either completely or partially, by a printed rule
Byline-the name and identification of a story’s author
Caption-the heading placed above a photograph; sometimes used to refer to the descriptive copy below a photo
Center of visual interest (CVI)-the dominate item on a page – usually a photo, graphic or headline
Classified advertising-ads run in small type in a separate section, which is often classed into different categories, such as “Help wanted” or “Lost and found”
Column (1)-a type of feature that is regularly run in a paper, featuring a single writer
Column (2)-the vertical sections of type, which may have varying widths to story on a page
Column width-the actual measurement in picas or inches; also measured in character count as a way to determine the character count of the entire story
Copy-a story or article written for a newspaper; also used to describe a page or block to text
Copyreading-checking copy for errors before it is entered into computer or receives its final rewrite
Crop-to eliminate unwanted portions of a photo to emphasize its center of interest
Cut-term for a newspaper photo or art, taken from engraving parlance
Cutoff test-reporter’s check that final-paragraphs are not essential to story
Cutline-the descriptive copy below a photo
Dateline-line at beginning of news story giving point of origin, if not local, and date, if significant
Deadline-time at which job must be handed in or completed to make issue date of publication
Deck-each part of a headline in a single font, whether one or more lines (once used to define a single line of a headline)
Direct quote-the reproduction of a speaker’s exact words, set within quotation marks and correctly attributed
Downstyle-the use of a minimum number of capital letters in headlines and body copy, where good usage permits an option
Editorial-an article that represents the paper’s opinion
Editorial column-an article representing the opinion of a individual writer
Editorializing-inserting the writer’s opinion into a news story, which should be written objectively
Euphemism-a milder word used instead of another word, possibly offensive – not an acceptable way to soften a quote from a news source
Feature story-an article of special interest with a quality other than its timeliness as main attraction
5 W’s and an H-the Who, What, When, Where, Why and How – the key questions answered by a summary lead
Folio line-the heading of inside pages, indicating section, school name, issue date and page number
Follow-up-a news story written after an event has occurred
Graph-short for a paragraph (sometimes spelled graf)
Hammerhead-a large headline of only one or two words, followed by a longer and smaller head underneath – the reverse of a kicker
Headline-lines of display type printed above a newspaper story, calling attention to relative importance and attracting readers to the story’s content
Headline schedule-list of styles and sizes, often with counts, for use in a newspaper
In-depth report-a story that goes beyond the surface to discover the news behind the news; also called an investigative report
Indirect quote-using a version of a speaker’s words without quotation marks. Example: He said that he expected to reject the plan.
Infograph-a chart, diagram or graph presenting statistical information, such as survey results and enrollment figures, in easy-to-grasp form
Inverted pyramid-a method of writing a story using a summary lead and facts in diminishing order of importance
Kicker-short, lead-in phrase above main head
Label head-a headline without a verb; to be avoided
Lead (leed)-the first paragraph of a story (see also, under Desktop publishing)
Libel-untrue statement or material that damages a person’s reputation
Masthead-list of the paper’s vital statistics, including school name and address, staff members and other pertinent data, such as editorial policy; usually found on editorial pages
Menu-in newspaper terminology, a front-page box or boxes announcing a paper’s inside contents, sometimes called teaser (see also, under Desktop publishing)
Nutgraph-paragraph giving the key details of a news story – the 5 W’s and H – when a variation on the summary lead in used
Objectivity-an attempt to write a story without showing bias or injecting the writer’s opinion
Photo release-a permission form used by photographers for persons in photos not taken at news events, granting the right to print the photo
Plagiarism-unauthorized copying of another’s work. Reproducing copyrighted material without permission – whether words or art – is a crime
Profile-feature story about a person; personality piece
Pull quote-quote from a story or news source that is “pulled out” and set as a graph in a distinctive format and type to attract readers to a story and add visual interest
Retraction-a printed correction of an earlier error in the paper
Slug-one or two words that specifically identify a story, typed in the upper left-hand corner of work to be edited or processed; also includes reporter’s last name, plus date/time from edit menu
Stet-a term meaning “let it stand” – or disregard a change that was previously marked or indicated
Style-rules regarding punctuation, capitalization, abbreviation, etc.
Style book, style manual-compilation of style rules for a newspaper
Summary lead-a first paragraph that contains the essential 5 W’s and H of a news story
Teaser-a front-page box or boxes announcing a paper’s inside contents, sometimes called a menu
Trademark-the legal, registered name of a product or business. Be sure to use capital letters when using such trademarked names as Kleenex and Coke, which are sometimes used generically

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